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Environment and Biodiversity; Sindh Province

The Global 200 Analysis identified 5 eco-regions in Pakistan:

  1. Runn of Kutch
  2. Flooded grasslands
  3. Tibetan Plateau
  4. Western Himalayan Temperate Forests
  5. Indus Delta Ecosystem and Arabian Sea (Indus Eco-region)

The Indus eco-region is the only eco-region that lies fully within Pakistan’s boundaries, while all other eco-regions are trans-boundary eco-regions. The Indus eco-region is classified as one of 40 most biologically rich eco-regions.

The Indus eco-region covers approximately 65% of the province of Sindh and occupies 18 districts of Sindh; a small Northwestern part of the eco-region extends slightly into Balochistan. Located in a semi-arid environment, the eco-region harbors riverine forests along the Indus River, Mangrove forests in the coastal areas and desert ecosystems in the periphery of the eco-region.

Both the Indus Delta ecosystem and Runn of Kutch ecosystem also lie in Sindh province. The Runn of Kutch occupies part of Sindh province and part of the Gujarat State of India. The Indus Delta, which is the 7th largest delta in the world, covers the entire coastline of Sindh. It forms a remarkably uniform landform with large, extensive mud flats interspersed by narrow creeks, which are remnants of old Indus tributaries.