SINDH FLORA AND FAUNA

Flora and Fauna

Flora

Sindh[1] is endowed with a rich diversity of flora. This flora is used as fodder for livestock, and as source of food in rural homes; some flora is used in industry, as well as in production of medicines. Pakistan is among the leading exporters of medicinal plants, a large number of which are found in Sindh. Some important flora of Sindh is as follows:

Common name Scientific name Common name Scientific name
Ak Calotropis procera Jhangra ber (Jangli ber) Zizyphus nummularia
Amb Mangifera indica Kalvari Capparis spinosa
Angari Amaranthus species Kandero Alhagi camelorum
Asri Tamarix articulate (aphylla) Kandi Prosopis spicigera
Babul Acacia Arabica (nilotica) Kanwal Peru Solanum incertum
Bahan Populus euphratica Kanh Saccharum spontaneum
Baid Mushk Eucalytputs camaldulensis Devi Prosopis juliflora
Ber Zizyphus jujuba (Manratiana) Khabbar Salvadera persica
Bhatan Lausen species Khip Orthanthera viminea
Buh Asurua lanata Khushbudar kandi Acacia fernesiana
Bukan Lippias nodiflora Kinro Salvia species
Bur Ficus bengslensis Kirar Capparis aphylla (deciduas)
Chatura Xanthium strumarium Lai (Lye) (3 different varieties) Tamarix diocia (deciduas)
Dubh Cynodon dactylon Lalri Withania somnifera
Gah Eragrostis japonica Gah Eragrostis minor
Gedoora (Lasura) Cordia myxa (dicotoma) Lani Salsola foetida
Gidamari (Imli) Tamarindus indica Liar Cordial rothi
Gidar Phali Astragalus contrortuplicentus Lulliar Achyranthes attennifolia
Jamu (jaman) Eugenia jambolana Mesquite Prosopis juliflora
Jar Salvadora oleoides Munj Saccharum munja
Jhil Indigofera pauciflora (Oblogifolla) Pann Typha species
Phar, Pann Blumea species (blumea aromatica) Pipur (papal) Ficus religiosa
Sar Saccharum spontasium Sirah Albizzia lebbeck
Phog Calligonum polygonoides Kandi Prosopis cineraria

Table 1.10 Sindh Flora

Fauna

A huge variety of birds is found in Sindh. Some important birds are:

Common name Local name Common name Local name
Great Bustard Barri tiloor, Hukna Houbara/Macqueens Bustard Tiloor, Houbara
Common/blue peafowl Neela more, mor Partridge Kala titar, karo titar
Gray partridge Bhura titar, Acho titar Yellow legged green pigeon Harrial kabootar
Red turtle dove Surkh fakhta Dalmation Pelican Hawasal, painn pakhi
Lesser flamingo Lum dheeng, laakho jani Snake bird Jall kawwa
White stork Safaid laqlaq/acchi toor Painted stork Rangen laqlaq, chitrod toor
Greater painted snipe Rangeen isnif Sociable lapwig Tattihiri, sehkari teeto
Pheasant tailed jacana Peeho, peehoori Spot billed duck Hanjar batakh, khanjar
Marbled teal Mar marin batakh Mallard Neel sar, neergi
Brahiminy Surkhab, lallo hanj Brown headed gull Bhuri sar Kina
Caspian tern Caspian dhumrah, kekrah Indian skimmer/scissors bill Quainchi choonch/pann cheer
Sarus crane Sarus koonj Imperial eagle Shahi oqab
Pallas’s fish eagle Palasi oqab, machh manga Peregrine falcon Behri/kala shaheen
Saker falcon Charagh/saker baaz Eurasian eagle owl/great horned eagle Oqabi ullu
Lesser golden-backed woodpecker Sunheri khutkhut Sindh pied woodpecker Sindhi khatkhat
Blue cheeked bee eater Bara mugs khor/traklo Golden oriole Sunhari peelak, peelkio
Indian treepie/Rufus treepie Nabatati Zagh/katar khaan Common Punjabi raven /desert raven Doodh kaag/pahari kawwa
Pied crested/Jacobin cuckoo Choti dar koel/tarro Rosy starling/rosy pastor Tillear, gulabi myna
Jordans babbler Jordan ki ghogal, doomni, pinjhrro Sindh Jungle sparrow Sindhi gorria, jungle chirria
Red avadavat/ red munia Surkh piddi, garrho cheeho Baya weaver Baya, Borrhi
Ashy crowned finch lark Bank myna
Black bellied tern Black headed ibis
Black kite Cattle egret

Table 1.11 Sindh Avifauna

Sindh houses a huge variety of mammals, both large and small. Here is a list of some important mammals of Sindh

Common name Local name Common name Local name
Sindh Ibex/ Persian wild goat Sarah, pahari bakra Afghan urial/ Asian wild sheep Gad, pahari dumba
Indian desert gazelle/ Chinkara Chinkara, hiran Black buck/ Indian savanna antelope Kala hiran
Hog deer/ parah deer Phara, barasingha Blue bull/ nilgai Nilgai, rojh
Indian wild ass/ gorkhar/ onagar Khur jungle gadha, gorkhar khuchhar Striped hyena Hyaena hyaena
Indian desert wolf Bherria, baghar Indian desert fox Lomrri, lomarr
Caracal/ red lynx Siah gosh, harola Jungle cat/swamp cat Jungle billi
Fishing cat Machhi khor billi Small Indian civet Mushk billi, rasse
Honey badger/ ratel Bijju, gor pat Scaly ant eater/ pangolin Chiunti khor, chhalerano
Indus blind dolphin Bulhann, susu dolphin, andhy dolphin Smooth-coated otter Udh bilao, luddarr
Flying fox/fulvous Fruit bat Urra lomrri,meva khor, chimgadar Blue whale/ sulphur bottom whale Neeli whale, mangrail
Mouse like hamster Chooha Asiatic Jackal Geedar/giddar
Caracal or desert lynx Siva gush Indian Wild boar Suar
Feral donkey Jangli gadha Bottle nosed dolphin Malhar
Small Indian mongoose neola Finless porpoise Tabi
Indian pangolin Bagra, silu Indian hedgehog
Wolf Canis lupus Hyena Hyaena hyaena
Leopard Panthera pardus Punjab urial Ovis orientalis punjabensis

Table 1.12 Sindh Mammals

A large number of amphibians and reptiles are found in Sindh. Some important reptiles and amphibians are:

Common name Local name Common name Local name
Indian Ocean green turtle Samandri Sabz Kachwa Pacific Olive Ridley turtle Samdri Zaituni Kachwa
Spotted pond turtle Talabi kachwa Indian Saw back River turtle Daryai kachwa
Starred tortoise Sitara kachwa Marsh/ snub-nosed crocodile Magar much, mugger, wago
Yellow-striped monitor lizard Goh, dhar dhar goh Fat tailed/ leopard gecko Hannkhann, cheetah chikali
Banded dwarf gecko Dhari dhar choti chipkali Orange tailed Sand skink Narangi dum regmahi, makh chatti
Indian chameleon Rung badal girgit Indian rock python Azdha, arrarh blah
Russell’s sand boa Ruselle ki domuhi Oxus/ black cobra Kala naag, cobra
Indian common krait Sang choor, peeun blah Russell’s viper Ghorriala, dumbhar blah
Red spotted diadem snake Shahi naag, korar Pakistan ribbon/ sand snake Regi saamp, shehgi
Sindh river snake Daryal saamp Beaked sea snake Chonch dar samundari saamp
Slender blind snake Andha saamp, sampolia Indus toad Khushki ka maindak

Table 1.13 Sindh Amphibians and Reptiles

Some fresh water fish species of the Indus Eco-region include:

Scientific name Local name Scientific name Local name
Channa marulia Chito Clupisoma garua Dhongino
Channa punctata Shakur Colisa fasciata Kangi
Cirrhinus mrigala Morakhi Gibelion catla Theli
Cirrhinus reba Ganer Glossogobius giuris Gullo
Gudusia chapra Palri Labeo rohita Kuriro/Rahu
Heteropneustes fossilis Luhar Mystus cavasius Thengino
Labeo calbasu Dahi Notopterus notopterus Gandhni
Labeo gonius Surhiyo Oreochromis mossambicus Dayo
Labeo rohita Kuriro/Rahu Oreochromis mossambicus Dayo
Oreochromis mossambicus Dayo  

Table 1.14 Sindh Fish Species

[1] Sindh, State of Environment and Development by IUCN

Sindh Districts

  • Karachi
  • Badin
  • Dadu
  • Ghotki
  • Hyderabad
  • Jacobabad
  • Jamshoro
  • Kashmore
  • Khairpur
  • Larkana
  • Matiari
  • Mirpurkhas
  • Nuashero Feroze
  • Sanghar
  • Shahdadkot
  • Shaheed Benazirabad
  • Shikarpur
  • Sukkhur
  • Tando AllahYar
  • Tando Mohammad Khan
  • Tharparkar
  • Thatta
  • Umerkot