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Education in Pakistan is overseen by the Ministry of Education of the Government of Pakistan. The academic institutions are the responsibility of the provincial governments while the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation, and some financing of research.

Education in Pakistan is generally divided into 5 levels:

  • primary (grades one through 5)
  • middle (grades 6 through 8)
  • high (grades 9 and 10, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC)
  • intermediate (grades 11 and 12, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate or HSC)
  • university programs leading to graduate and advanced degrees

The total number of government owned Educational Institutions in Pakistan as per Pakistan’s Economic Survey 2018-19 are as follows:

Institution Boys/Girls Institution Boys/girls
Primary schools 119,783/53,424 Middle schools 23,884/28,871
High Schools 18,137/14,117 Arts & Science Colleges 971/931
Professional Colleges 638/80 Public Sector Universities 103
Private Sector Universities 75 Vocational Institutes (Public) 806
Vocational Institutes (Private) 841 Technical schools 107

Table 1.31 Pakistan Government Educational Institutes