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IntroductionPunjab at a Glance

Introduction/Geographical Details Punjab Province

Punjab literally means “five waters” or “five rivers”; the province derives its name from the five rivers that flow through it: Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum, and Chenab. These rivers all join up at Mithankot, Punjab before flowing into River Indus. The province is located between 27° 40Ꞌ to 34° 01Ꞌ north latitude and 69° 20Ꞌ to 75° 20Ꞌ east longitude. The province is bordered on the north by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Federal Capital Territory Islamabad, on the northeast by Azad Jammu and Kashmir, on both the east and south by India, on the south by Sindh and on the west by Balochistan as well as Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and KP.     (FATA is now part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa since 2018)

Punjab Province at a Glance

Name of Province/ District Punjab province
Capital/ Headquarter Lahore city
Population[1] 110,012,000 persons
Area[2] 205,345 km2
Population Density 535.7 persons/ km2
Population Growth Rate[3] 2.1%
Male Population[4] 50.8%
Female Population[5] 49.2%
Urban Population[6] 36.7%
Districts 36 districts:

1.    Attock

2.    Bahawalnagar

3.    Bahawalpur

4.    Bhakkar

5.    Chakwal

6.    Chiniot

7.    Dera Ghazi Khan

8.    Faisalabad

9.    Gujrat

10. Gujranwala

11. Hafizabad

12. Jhang

13. Jhelum

14. Kasur

15. Khushab

16. Khanewal

17. Lahore

18. Layyah

19. Lodhran

20. Mandi Bahauddin

21. Mianwali

22. Multan

23. Muzaffargarh

24. Nankana Sahib

25. Narowal

26. Okara

27. Pakpattan

28. Rahim Yar Khan

29. Rajanpur

30. Rawalpindi

31. Sahiwal

32. Sargodha

33. Sheikhupura

34. Sialkot

35. Toba Tek Singh

36. Vehari.

Main Towns Lahore, Gujrat, Faisalabad, Multan, Bahawalpur, Jhang, Okara, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Sialkot, Sheikhupura, Khushab, Raiwind, Mianwali Attock, Fatehjang, Jhelum, Sahiwal, Dera Ghazi Khan, Gujranwala, Muzaffargarh, Kalabagh, Sargodha, Kasur, Wah Cantonment, Chiniot, Khanewal, Wazirabad, Chakwal, Hasan Abdal, and Kharian.
Literacy Rate[7] 64.7%
Male Literacy Rate[8] 72.2%
Female Literacy Rate[9] 57.4%
Major Economic Activity[10]


Agriculture 40.0%
Mining & Quarrying 0.04%
Manufacture 17.7%
Electricity, Gas & Water 0.3%
Construction 7.0%
Wholesale/Retail Trade, Hotel/Restaurant 14.2%
Transport Storage & Communication 4.9%
Financing, Real Estate, Insurance 2.1%
Community, Social & Personal Services 13.8%
Main Crops Wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, moong, mash, masoor and other lentils/ pulses, bajra, jowar (sorghum), guar seed, castor seed, sunn hemp, groundnut, sesanum, fodder, rapeseed & mustard, millet, tobacco, barley, gram, safflower, canola, linseed, jute, and sugar beet.
Major Fruits Citrus, mango, banana, apple, pomegranate, guava, dates, apricot, peach, pear, plum, almond, jaamun, leechee, phalsa, walnut, ber, loquat, mulberry, melons, and watermelon.
Major Vegetables Okra, tinda, brinjal, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, pumpkin, turnip, carrots, spinach, tomatoes, cauliflower, cabbage, sweet potato, and radish.
Forests (area)[11] 673,000 HA[12]
Total Black Topped Roads[13] 87,419 km
National Highways[14] 2,062 km
Motorways[15] 443 km
Provincial Highways[16] 81,540 km
Sugar Cess[17] Roads[18] 3,374 km
Electricity Generation[19] Total Hydro Electricity Generation 1,802 MW
Total Thermal Power Generation 12,191 MW
Nuclear Power 1,330 MW
  Renewable Energy +Bagasse 914 MW
No. of Tel. Exchanges[20] More than 9 million land line phone subscribers, and more than 82.8 million cellular phone subscribers
Industrial Zones[21]  24 Industrial Estates housing more than 70,000 industrial

Units and more than 40,000 small and medium size industrial units.

Major Industry Textile, cotton ginning and yarn, sports goods, electric fans, woolen textile, leather tanning, footwear, fabricated metal products, paper & paper board, fertilizers, cement, motor vehicles, bicycles, diesel engines, surgical instruments, and washing machines
Household Size[22] 6.3 persons per house
Houses with Piped Water Inside[23] 69.4%
Houses with Electricity[24] 95%

Table 1.1 Punjab Province at a Glance

[1] 2017 Census

[2] 2017 Census

[3] 2017 Census

[4] 2017 Census.

[5] 2017 Census.

[6] 2017 Census.

[7] Pakistan Economic Survey 2018-19

[8] Pakistan Economic Survey 2018-19

[9] Pakistan Economic Survey 2018-19

[10] Labour Force Survey Pakistan 2017-18

[11] Punjab Development Statistics 2017-18

[12] Land Utilization Statistics report 482,000 HA under Forests.

[13] Punjab Development Statistics 2017-18

[14] Punjab Development Statistics 2017-18

[15] Punjab Development Statistics 2017-18

[16] Punjab Development Statistics 2017-18

[17] Sugar Cess roads are roads specifically constructed to provide access to sugar industry (Cess means sugar cane development)

[18] Punjab Development Statistics 2017-18

[19] State of Industry Report 2019, by National Power Regulatory Authority.

[20] 2019 Statistical Pocket Book of Punjab.

[21] Pakistan Investment Guide, Punjab 2013

[22] Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey Punjab 2017-18 (MICS)

[23] Pakistan Social & Living Mensurent Survey 2013-14 (PASLM) (latest Available)

[24] PSLM